Major Arteries


Pulmonary trunk: Receives deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart and divides into the right and left pulmonary arteries


Pulmonary arteries (right & left): Carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs, and branch along with the segmental bronchi


Ascending aorta: Receives oxygenated blood from the left ventricle of the heart


Coronary arteries (right & left): First small branches off the ascending aorta that supply the myocardium of the heart


Aortic arch: Branches to the head and arms


Thoracic (descending) aorta: Supplies the thorax wall


Abdominal aorta: Supplies the abdominal organs


Brachiocephalic trunk: First major branch off the aortic arch


Common carotid arteries (right & left): Ascends through the lateral neck


External carotid artery: Major artery serving the tissues external to the skull


Internal carotid artery: Supplies the brain


Vertebral artery: Supplies the neck and brain


Basilar artery: Supplies the brain stem, cerebellum and cerebrum


Subclavian artery: Supplies the neck and upper limbs


Axillary artery: Supplies the armpit and shoulder


Brachial artery: Major artery serving the arm; auscultated to determine blood pressure


Radial artery: Supplies the lateral forearm, wrist and thumb; used to palpate the pulse at the wrist


Ulnar artery: Supplies the medial forearm


Palmar arches (superficial & deep): Supply the hand and fingers


Celiac trunk: Has three major branches, which supplies the stomach, spleen and liver


Phrenic artery: Supplies the diaphragm


Gastric arteries (right & left): Supply the stomach


Splenic artery: Supplies the spleen (plus part of the pancreas and stomach)


Common hepatic artery: Supplies the liver (plus duodenum and part of the pancreas)


Renal artery: Supplies the kidney


Superior mesenteric artery: Supplies the small intestine and part of the large intestine


Inferior mesenteric artery: Supplies the distal half of the large intestine


Gonadal artery: Supplies the testes in males, or ovaries in females


Common iliac artery: Terminal branches of the abdominal aorta, supplies pelvic organs


Internal iliac artery: Supplies the pelvis


External iliac artery: Supplies the lower limbs


Femoral artery: Supplies the thigh


Popliteal artery: Supplies the knee


Tibial arteries (anterior & posterior): Supply the medial leg


Fibular (peroneal) artery: Supplies the lateral leg


Arcuate artery and plantar arch: Supply the foot and toes




Major Veins


Pulmonary veins (right & left): Four veins (two on each side) that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.


Superior vena cava: Receives systemic blood draining from all areas superior to the diaphragm


Inferior vena cava: Widest vessel in the body; returns blood to the heart from all body regions inferior to the diaphragm


Coronary sinus and cardiac veins: Drain blood from the coronary circulation and returns it to the right atrium.


External jugular vein: Drains the scalp and face


Internal jugular veins: Largest veins draining the head and neck; drains the dural sinuses of the brain


Dural venous sinuses: Drain cerebral veins and cerebrospinal fluid from the brain


Vertebral vein: Drains the neck and cervical vertebrae


Brachiocephalic veins (right & left): Each is formed by the union of the respective subclavian and internal jugular veins; the two brachiocephalic veins then join to form the superior vena cava


Subclavian vein: Joins with the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein


Axillary vein: Drains the armpit area


Brachial vein: Formed by the union of the radial and ulnar veins


Cephalic vein: Superficial vein that drains the lateral arm


Basilic vein: Drains the medial arm, forearm and hand


Median cubital vein: Connects the cephalic and basilic veins; often used for venipuncture to withdraw blood or inject a solution


Radial vein: Deep vein that drains the lateral forearm


Ulnar vein: Deep vein that drains the medial forearm


Palmar venous arches (superficial & deep): Drain the hand and fingers


Phrenic vein: Drains the diaphragm


Gastric veins (right & left): Drain the stomach


Splenic vein: Drains the spleen


Hepatic vein: Drains the liver


Hepatic portal vein: Carries nutrient-rich blood from the digestive organs to the liver for processing


Renal vein: Drains the kidney


Superior mesenteric vein: Drains the small intestine, stomach, and part of the large intestine


Inferior mesenteric vein: Drains the distal large intestine and rectum


Gonadal veins (right & left): Drain the testes in males, or ovaries in females


Common iliac veins (right & left): Join to form the inferior vena cava


Internal iliac vein: Drains the pelvic organs


External iliac vein: Continuation of the femoral vein that drains the thigh


Femoral vein: Drains the thigh


Great saphenous vein: Longest superficial vein of the body; drains the thigh, leg, and foot


Popliteal vein: Drains the knee


Tibial veins (anterior & posterior): Drain the medial leg and foot


Fibular (peroneal) vein: Drains the lateral leg and foot


Dorsal venous arch and plantar venous arch: Drain the foot and toes