Major Arteries

Pulmonary trunk: Receives deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart and divides into the right and left pulmonary arteries

Pulmonary arteries (right & left): Carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs, and branch along with the segmental bronchi

Ascending aorta: Receives oxygenated blood from the left ventricle of the heart

Coronary arteries (right & left): First small branches off the ascending aorta that supply the myocardium of the heart

Aortic arch: Branches to the head and arms

Thoracic (descending) aorta: Supplies the thorax wall

Abdominal aorta: Supplies the abdominal organs

Brachiocephalic trunk: First major branch off the aortic arch

Common carotid arteries (right & left): Ascends through the lateral neck

External carotid artery: Major artery serving the tissues external to the skull

Internal carotid artery: Supplies the brain

Vertebral artery: Supplies the neck and brain

Basilar artery: Supplies the brain stem, cerebellum and cerebrum

Subclavian artery: Supplies the neck and upper limbs

Axillary artery: Supplies the armpit and shoulder

Brachial artery: Major artery serving the arm; auscultated to determine blood pressure

Radial artery: Supplies the lateral forearm, wrist and thumb; used to palpate the pulse at the wrist

Ulnar artery: Supplies the medial forearm

Palmar arches (superficial & deep): Supply the hand and fingers

Celiac trunk: Has three major branches, which supplies the stomach, spleen and liver

Phrenic artery: Supplies the diaphragm

Gastric arteries (right & left): Supply the stomach

Splenic artery: Supplies the spleen (plus part of the pancreas and stomach)

Common hepatic artery: Supplies the liver (plus duodenum and part of the pancreas)

Renal artery: Supplies the kidney

Superior mesenteric artery: Supplies the small intestine and part of the large intestine

Inferior mesenteric artery: Supplies the distal half of the large intestine

Gonadal artery: Supplies the testes in males, or ovaries in females

Common iliac artery: Terminal branches of the abdominal aorta, supplies pelvic organs

Internal iliac artery: Supplies the pelvis

External iliac artery: Supplies the lower limbs

Femoral artery: Supplies the thigh

Popliteal artery: Supplies the knee

Tibial arteries (anterior & posterior): Supply the medial leg

Fibular (peroneal) artery: Supplies the lateral leg

Arcuate artery and plantar arch: Supply the foot and toes

Major Veins

Pulmonary veins (right & left): Four veins (two on each side) that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.

Superior vena cava: Receives systemic blood draining from all areas superior to the diaphragm

Inferior vena cava: Widest vessel in the body; returns blood to the heart from all body regions inferior to the diaphragm

Coronary sinus and cardiac veins: Drain blood from the coronary circulation and returns it to the right atrium.

External jugular vein: Drains the scalp and face

Internal jugular veins: Largest veins draining the head and neck; drains the dural sinuses of the brain

Dural venous sinuses: Drain cerebral veins and cerebrospinal fluid from the brain

Vertebral vein: Drains the neck and cervical vertebrae

Brachiocephalic veins (right & left): Each is formed by the union of the respective subclavian and internal jugular veins; the two brachiocephalic veins then join to form the superior vena cava

Subclavian vein: Joins with the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein

Axillary vein: Drains the armpit area

Brachial vein: Formed by the union of the radial and ulnar veins

Cephalic vein: Superficial vein that drains the lateral arm

Basilic vein: Drains the medial arm, forearm and hand

Median cubital vein: Connects the cephalic and basilic veins; often used for venipuncture to withdraw blood or inject a solution

Radial vein: Deep vein that drains the lateral forearm

Ulnar vein: Deep vein that drains the medial forearm

Palmar venous arches (superficial & deep): Drain the hand and fingers

Phrenic vein: Drains the diaphragm

Gastric veins (right & left): Drain the stomach

Splenic vein: Drains the spleen

Hepatic vein: Drains the liver

Hepatic portal vein: Carries nutrient-rich blood from the digestive organs to the liver for processing

Renal vein: Drains the kidney

Superior mesenteric vein: Drains the small intestine, stomach, and part of the large intestine

Inferior mesenteric vein: Drains the distal large intestine and rectum

Gonadal veins (right & left): Drain the testes in males, or ovaries in females

Common iliac veins (right & left): Join to form the inferior vena cava

Internal iliac vein: Drains the pelvic organs

External iliac vein: Continuation of the femoral vein that drains the thigh

Femoral vein: Drains the thigh

Great saphenous vein: Longest superficial vein of the body; drains the thigh, leg, and foot

Popliteal vein: Drains the knee

Tibial veins (anterior & posterior): Drain the medial leg and foot

Fibular (peroneal) vein: Drains the lateral leg and foot

Dorsal venous arch and plantar venous arch: Drain the foot and toes